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f+h Intralogistics 3/2016

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f+h Intralogistics 3/2016

Republic of Indonesia:

Republic of Indonesia: Facts and figures Area 1,900,000 square miles Length of the coastline: 54,716 miles Fixed telephone lines: 117 per 1,000 inhabitants (2014) Mobile telephone connections: 1.262 per 1,000 inhabitants (2014) Inhabitants 2015: 255.5 million Population density 2015: 134.2 inhabitants/mile² Population growth 0.9% per year Capital Jakarta: inhabitants around 9,6 million Gross National Product (GNP, nominal) 2014: 888.6 billion US$ 2015*: 872.6 billion US$ 2016*: 875.8 billion US$ (* forcast) Business 2014 2015 2016 BUSINESS AND ECONOMY Infrastructure Rail network (Length and standard gauge): 8,159 miles (2014) Road network (hard top): 283,102 miles (2011) Water ways: 21,579 miles (2013) Container ports: 17 (2015) Import (2014) 178.2 billion US$ Export (2014) 176 billion US$ Gas Production (billion cubic meter): 73.4 (2014) Reserves (trillion cubic meter): 2.9 (2014) Oil Production (thousand barrels per day): 852.2 (2014) Reserves (billion barrel): 3.7 (2014) Source: Germany Trade & Invest (GTAI) 2015, Auswärtiges Amt Germany Graphics: VFV, Sonja Schirmer f+h Distribution 3/2016

Supplement for international Supply Chain Management Preview 4/2016 Indonesia – logistics market is also expanding The former Dutch colony, Indonesia, is now a presidential republic and with more than 17,000 islands and 250 million inhabitants it is the largest island state in the world. The country is economically and culturally integrated into the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), an international organization of South East Asian countries. The island state is by far the largest national economy in South East Asia – based on the gross domestic product its share equates to approx. 40 percent. The capital, Jakarta, on the island of Java, where more than half of the country’s inhabitants live, is the economic center. Between 2004 and 2014 the actual economic growth equated to an average of approx. six percent, making Indonesia a dynamic national economy by global standards. Although Indonesia’s economic growth did drop to below five percent in the second half of 2015, the World Bank is expecting the economy to grow again at a rate of 5.3 percent in 2016. As a country that is rich in mineral raw materials, it benefits from its large natural resources. Indonesia is thus one of the world’s main exporters of coal, tin, nickel, copper, bauxite, and gold and is world’s leading natural rubber and palm oil producer. The island group has always faced infrastructural problems as it covers such a vast geographical area, which, amongst other things has a huge effect on the logistic market. The inadequate national infrastructure drives logistic costs upwards and according to estimates by the World Bank these equate to a 27 percent share of the gross domestic product. However, despite these circumstances, the logistic sector is expanding practically twice as fast as the overall economy. There are excellent opportunities for newcomers to the sector. In addition, the competition in Indonesia is nowhere near as fierce as in China. In Indonesia there are around 12,000 shipping companies. Most of these are smaller suppliers that focus on land transportation. Foreign logistic companies generally cooperate with local competitors. In an attempt to resolve the infrastructural issues and to boost the logistics growth market, the government has implemented a national master plan that provides additional infrastructure investments of around EUR 180 billion (converted) up to 2025. Text: Manfred Weber Global Business Check your business partner Increasing economic globalization and a growing trade have built a complex network for companies. Whilst the majority of business relationships are beneficial and profitable, some can pose a potential danger to a company. As the number of illegal actions, such as money laundering, financial crime and terrorist activities, is increasing, governments have legally obligated companies to check their business partners regularly. Supply Chain Management Packaging as a supply chain enabler According to a study in future, higher requirements will be placed on the transport packaging. The information-carrying properties will become more important. The packaging will, for example, document its route through the supply chain. Business and Economy Ups and downs in the story of Shanghai’s globalization Though the Chinese economy as a whole has made great progress over the past 30 years, Shanghai obviously achieved the most economic success among China’s 31 provinces, metropolitans, and autonomous districts. Closing date: 26.09.2016 Publishing date: 19.10.2016 f+h Intralogistics f+h Distribution 3/2015 3/2016 33


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