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f+h Intralogistics 1/2016

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f+h Intralogistics 1/2016

The ten most highly

The ten most highly performing sea ports in Europe – links in the global supply chain With more than 1,200 commercial sea ports the European Union has one of the densest networks of harbors in the world. In this way the freight-handling harbors have a connecting function as an interface between the transport of goods by sea and by road across continents in the world wide supply chain. 64,4 Mio. t 62,6 Mio. t Le Havre 172 Mio. t Immingham 406,5 Mio. t Antwerpen Algeciras Rotterdam Amsterdam 120,6 Mio. t Hamburg 93,2 Mio. t 74,7 Mio. t 76,2 Mio. t PORTS LOGISTICS Marseille f+h Distribution 1/2016

In our ranking (status 2013) we list the European sea ports with the ten highest turnovers on the basis of the gross weight of all goods transshipped in millions of tons and show the growth rates of the transshipment volumes over a large period of time. As a result of the increasing globalization and worldwide trade the European harbor sector also displayed a dynamic growth in the past decades. For the future we can reckon with a further increase in the volume of freight in the European Union (of 50 percent according to prognoses until 2030). One consequence of this development amongst other things is the continual increase of the size and complexity of the fleets. Containerships with capacities of from 16,000 to 18,000 containers and ships up to 400 m (1,300 feet) are no longer any exception. This development will present the harbors and operators of the ports with new logistical and economic challenges. But this development is also relevant for businesses that use sea transport for transporting goods. For harbor costs make up a large part of the overall expenses in the supply chain„ from door to door“. Here we should mention for example the transshipment of freight and harbor fees and nautical services. In order to be as efficient and economical as possible here, a seamless integration of logistics is required. 60,7 Mio. t The European port showing the strongest performance in the following ranking in Rotterdam has accepted this challenge, and with the Port base „Port Community System “it has a service for effective organization of the logistical processes in its portfolio. The port of Rotterdam developed this system in 2009together with the port of Amsterdam and in the meantime almost all the Dutch ports are connected to it. It is the aim of the organization to design logistics chains for exchanging logistical information between the Dutch ports as attractively as possible. The port of Hamburg, which as the largest German sea port with international significance occupies place three in our ranking, has also taken measures in order to be armed for the challenges of harbor economics. Since 2013 the European Union regulations for sea ports charging customs exist in the Port of Hamburg. In this way the flow of traffic in the previously free port has become even quicker and more flexible. For in a sea port charging customs duties, goods moving within the European Union (community goods) can be stored, processed and traded free of any customs duties. The measures listed are examples of the commitment of the leading European freight-handling harbors to address the rising challenges of an increasing volume of freight and the flows of goods which are becoming ever more and more complex. An extensive supply of services which shall also keep the global supply chain effectively manageable in future and as transparent as possible, will have to be provided by the ports the respective harbor operating companies if they wish to remain competitive. The following ranking was put together on the basis of the performance numbers and services provided by the different European sea ports. The details are based on year 2013 figures from Eurostat. We expect more up-to-date figures shall be available later this year. Text: Manfred Weber Graphics: Fotolia/processing: VFV Layout 56,1 Mio. t Botas Izmit f+h Distribution 1/2016


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