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NEWS AND MARKETS its capability to produce intermediate goods and to provide inputs to key sectors such as automobiles, construction, energy, textiles, agriculture, and mining. The machinery manufacturing sector in Turkey is relatively R&D intensive as compared to other emerging markets. Inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI) in machinery manufacturing represents a significant share of country’s overall FDI amount, making up around 20 % of total manufacturing FDI between 2005-2015. R&D expenditures on machinery manufacturing reached $ 600 million in 2014, accounting for almost 10 % of the total R&D expenditure of the country. Turkey’s competitiveness in the machinery sector is driven by favorable input costs and strong enablers. Input costs include competitive labor cost, an affordable and reliable energy supply, and logistical advantages based on the geo-strategic location of Turkey, while enablers include a skilled workforce, investment incentives, sound infrastructure and a strong base of domestic suppliers. To establish itself as major manufacturing power, Turkey has set the year 2023 as its target. All the government initiatives and policies are focused with 2023 in sight. For the machinery and equipment manufacturing sector, the goal is to achieve $ 100 billion in export. Apart from creating higher export revenues, the country aims to shift from being a manufacturer of low cost products to high valueadded products. To achieve this, Turkey with help from the EU, is focusing on increasing its R&D base by encouraging domestic and foreign investors to set up in Technology Development Zones (TDZ) in Turkey. TDZs are organized research and business centers where academic, economic and social structures become integrated and universities, research institutions, and industrial foundations work together for innovation, technology transfer; increasing productivity and reducing production costs; increasing product quality and standards; working on product development; supporting technological investments and entrepreneurship. To further promote the participation in TDZs, the government offers incentives and tax exemptions to entrepreneurs operating in this region until 2023 from the income made from R&D operations. Taxes on the wages of R&D personnel are exempt until 2023 as well. On an average, every year 4 new TDZs are launched in Turkey. As Turkey proceeds towards its goal for 2023, more and more TDZs are expected to emerge. Turkey’s infrastructure boom No other country with the exception of China and India, is undergoing a bigger infrastructure boom than Turkey. The Turkish Government is overseeing a $ 400 billion spending spree on infrastructure, with an aim to lay the ground work for rapid economic development. The impressive list of projects includes a $ 29 billion 10 WORLD OF INDUSTRIES 1/2018

new international airport in Istanbul, which will replace the 93 year old Ataturk airport. With Istanbul’s advantageous geographical location in mind, this new airport is designed for a passenger capacity of 150 million per year, which will make it one of the busiest airports and cargo terminals in the world. Along with the new airport, Turkish government is planning to invest $ 45 billion to build a 10,000 km high speed rail network, another $ 6.5 billion on Istanbul-Izmir motorway project. The new motorway will reduce the average journey time and the traffic load on the existing route by more than 30 %. The motorway will offer easy and safe connectivity between the Marmara and the Aegean regions of Turkey that together account for 60 % of national GDP, 38 % of freight transport and 40 % of passenger transport in Turkey. Apart from investments in improving its air, rail and road infrastructure, Turkey is a focusing on developing its energy infrastructure with a $ 10 billion Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline that will connect Azerbaijan’s production facilities to cities in Europe passing through Turkey and a $ 5 billion refinery, which upon completion will be the largest in the country. Turkey is also beefing up its defense and aerospace industry cluster with investments more than $ 7 billion, so it can increase production and exports in the international market. All of these mega building projects come on the heels of completion of Eurasia Tunnel and Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge in 2016. All the above projects are impressive, but Turkey’s Urban Renewal project is most massive of them all as it will cost more than $ 200 billion. Such mega infrastructure projects offer a big boost to the economy as they create a multiplier effect and increase the aggregate demand of various engineering goods and services. Another year of growth, despite turbulence In the immediate aftermath of the failed coup attempt in July 2016, the Turkish economy bled and saw steep declines in real production, domestic demand and investor confidence. But over the next few months, the government actions were instrumental in generating a fresh momentum and thus pulling the economy from the brink of crisis. Now, more than a year after the coup attempt, Turkish economy has posted impressive growth figures. This growth is relied heavily on the inflow of foreign short-term investments as well as on strong government levers at home, including the rise in bank lending, tax cuts and other incentives. Though not all is shiny as the growth numbers suggest, as current account deficit, unemployment and inflation have increased. The prevailing views among experts is that despite its spectacular growth in 2017, Turkey is entering 2018 with some serious challenges on its plate. Photographs: Fotolia DERANTRIEB Reliable Versatile Global NORD DRIVESYSTEMS: Worldwide available Subsidiaries in 36 countries Agents in 52 countries Headquarters: Getriebebau NORD GmbH & Co. KG Fon +49 (0) 4532 / 289-0 Member of the NORD DRIVESYSTEMS Group The Gear Unit The Motor The Drive Electronic Strong bearings Quiet running High power density High efficiency Global standards All operating conditions Field distribution system Easy implementation Scalable functionalities WORLD OF INDUSTRIES 1/2018 11


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